The Pancolar 80mm f/1.8 is a late development of Carl Zeiss Jena which was at that time the East German part of the original company torn into pieces by the WW II . Therefore this lens was accessible in the eastern block mainly and even though now it can be found all around Europe, this is a very rare lens in other continents.
The lens has a high reputation as a sharp, fast portrait lens and it is quite expensive among other lenses of the same era. It has an M42 mount and was produced in both automatic and electronic forms. It was later remounted as the B-mount Carl Zeiss Jena Prakticar 1.8/80. (source Praktica-users.com)
Data sheet and optical formula
- Construction:6 elements, 5 groups
- Angular field: 30.4°
- Minimum focusing distance: 0.8m
- Diaphragm action: fully automatic
- Coating: Multi coated
- Minimum aperture: f/22
- Maximum aperture: f/1.8
- No. aperture blades: 6
- Filter size: 58mm screw-in type
- Push-on diameter: 60mm
- Weight: 310g
- Barrel length: 64mm
This lens is a typical example of the legendary classic double Gauss lens formula also known as Planar.
The Double Gauss was likely the most intensively studied lens formula of the twentieth century, producing dozens of major variants, scores of minor variants, hundreds of marketed lenses and tens of millions of unit sales. It had almost no flaws, except for a bit of oblique spherical aberration, which could lower peripheral contrast. Double Gauss/Planar tweaks were the standard wide aperture, normal and near normal prime lens for sixty years.
The double Gauss lens consists of two back-to-back Gauss lenses (a design with a positive meniscus lens on the object side and a negative meniscus lens on the image side) making two positive meniscus lenses on the outside with two negative meniscus lenses inside them. The symmetry of the system and the splitting of the optical power into many elements reduces the optical aberrations within the system. (source: Wikipedia)
I have got mine from the girlfriend of my father with the original case. She never used it, it was basically on the shelf without a camera since ages.
Probably she didn’t know what was the value of this lens, so I didn’t know neither. As it turned out it is an expensive lens among the usually very cheap M42 mount lenses. The market price is very similar to a new Canon EF 85mm f/1.8 USM, which is why I am often thinking on selling it. So far, I decided to keep it, because of the nice performance, character and because I can use it on many crazy cameras of mine.
The front cap was missing and the aperture blades were stuck, otherwise as you can see on the photos below, the lens was in a really good shape. The glass was clean, no dust, no scratches, no fungus and it was obviously not used too much. I have substituted the missing front cap with a Canon cap of the standard 18-55mm kit lens. I tried to use other Ø 58mm caps, but this was the only one which was not tending to touch the front lens element.
The way it looks
Stuck aperture blades
Since the aperture blades were stuck I had to get the lens disassembled and cleaned by a repairman. This issue is typical with lenses of this age, I had many other lenses with similar problems. The source of this is that some oil gets between the aperture blades. The blades must operate dry normally. If you see some marks of liquid on the aperture blades of your lens, it could be the first sign that your lens may stuck in the future as well. The second sign of course is the slow returning movement of the iris after stop down (Naturally slow movement can be an issue for automatic lenses only).
The only solution is unfortunately involves the disassembly of the lens and cleaning of the aperture blades.
Another typical problem is the aging of the lubricants used to ensure smooth focusing. Sometimes the lubricants dries out or gets jammed. Either it is hard to rotate the focus ring or the focusing feels like bare metal parts sliding on each other the lubrication of the lens is not appropriate. It is also possible that focusing is not even, some sections move smoother than others.
The solution is to disassemble the lens, clean the old grease and replace it with new fresh one. Any attempt to fix it in other ways could be even harmful.
To find the perfect lubricant is a kind of art, the density of the grease must match the threads inside the lens mechanics. For less precise lenses the more dense grease could be the good choice, while the precise fine threads require only a thin, light lubrication. Sometimes the same model need different treatment, because of the condition or because of the fluctuations in the quality. This could be very true for lenses from the former Soviet Union where quality control was not always the top priority .
My lens got cleaned and lubricated, and however the aperture blades are free again, the grease is not a good choice for this lens. It is a bit hard to rotate and focus with. I will probably need to get the grease replaced once again.
All in all, the repairing work of these kind of old lenses and cameras requires a lot of experience apart from the special tools needed. Therefore always try to get everything in mint condition, but if you are in the situation of having a nice glass with similar problems, you have to be careful who you choose to get it fixed. It is very risky to try to get these repairs done home, unless you are trained and have all the tools. If you want to test yourself as a repairman, I recommend to start with a cheap lens, not like this in this post.
This is one of my favorite lenses. The images are always very sharp and have a good contrast with it. I can say that there is very little signs of any aberrations or distortions over the frame. I have not tested the lens scientifically yet, so I cannot compare the performance in numbers with other lenses. But real word experience is quite pleasant for me.
At wide open, sharpness and contrast are a bit lower than stopped down by one-two stops, but still quite nice and I think this is very common with almost all fast prime lenses. Besides a slightly softer result can be beneficial for some portraits where little details of the skin can be smother and this way the model could look more perfect. The 80mm Pancolar is really not much softer wide open though. Colors are also reach and lovely and somehow different from my other lenses when using on the same digital body.
Dept of field & Bokeh
I like this short telephoto lens, because this focal distance allows me to take nice shoulder portraits while I am still close enough to the model to interact with.
Also this lens has the ability to blur the background (like hell) very much because of the large maximum aperture. In fact the depth of field can be so shallow that sometimes you get only a few centimeters of it and it has a risk that you miss the focus. A good example when only one eye of the model is in focus.
Speaking about bokeh (quality of out of focus elements), this lens produces a lot and the quality is superb, creamy. I know it is subjective to judge this property, so please have a look at the sample shoots and decide yourself. The only caveat with it is the fact that the lens has only 6 aperture-blades. It could produce a not circular (multigonal) spots of highlights in the blurred background. It is subjective thing again to like it or not, personally I prefer the perfect circles. This is not a problem when shooting wide open as aperture is round at that case.
The Pancolar is a very well made lens which has a full metal + real glass construction. It looks absolutely beautiful, feels solid and has a good weight to it. The aperture ring clicks at every half stops and operates very smoothly and precisely. The focus could be the same if I had got the right grease into it. -I will get it fixed soon. – The lens barbell extends a few milometers while focusing, but not seriously and the front element does not rotate -> there is no problem with polarizing filters to use.
There is a switch on the lens to set automatic or manual mode. When set to automatic the aperture stops down only when you press the shutter button and than it returns to full size when mounted on a compatible camera. In the case of manual mode, you must pre-set the aperture manually. This could be nice feature to for videographers.
I have found a short summary on a nice website (Prime35.com) which is a perfect quote to close this post.
CZJ Pancolar MC 80/1.8
I’d say this is the best choice for versatile and sharp M42 80mm lens. It’s contrasty, it has the best wide-opened performance of all f/1.5-f/2 M42 portrait lenses. Center is close to Biotar, but borders are much sharper. Great colours (MC) + great bokeh. It also isn’t as risky as the early post-war lenses, because its coating is much harder, so cleaning marks are not an issue. For me it’s the best post-war Jena lens. (source: Prime35.com)
- Praktica-users.com (data sheet and some details)
- MFlenses.com (sample gallery)
- MFlenses.com (forum and nice samples)
- Lens bubbles (blog)
- Prime35.com (summary)
- My Flickr set
- A post of mine (about a photo taken with this lens)
Using digital body (crop frame)
On my cropped frame Canon body this lens is equivalent to a 128mm lens on a 35mm body due to the 1.6x cropping factor.
For more samples see my Pancolar Flickr set.